Energy efficiency - Stakeholder consultation

The EU has already achieved a high energy efficiency rate. However, if further improvements are to be made it will only come through two axes; technology and consumer behaviour.

  • Increasing energy efficiency in the buildings sector;
  • Transport represents more than 30% of final energy consumption in Europe;
  • Realising its energy efficiency potential requires a continued focus on tightening CO2     emission standards for passenger cars and vans post-2020, and on measures to increase fuel    efficiency and reduce CO2 emissions for heavy duty vehicles and buses
  • Electrification of transport is important to break oil dependency and to decarbonise        transport, especially for road (short and medium distance) and rail transport.

The Commission has just conducted a stakeholder consultation on the revision of the energy efficiency.

Main criticism of the industry

  • Although the EED is meant to be complimentary to the other legislation in the field such as the Effort Sharing Decision, other energy efficiency legislation (on buildings, products and transport) and the ETS. For example, it tries to increase energy efficiency by decreasing energy consumption while, at the same time lowering carbon emissions, it is cost-inefficient and it generates market distortions by being unevenly implemented across the EU and hinders the market competitiveness and the Single Market.
  • The EED narrowly focuses on the problem of energy security and does not include the international climate and environmental dimensions of energy efficiency.
  • The EED focuses on energy savings (targets) rather than on energy efficiency.
  • Energy efficiency should be defined as energy consumption in relation to economic indicators such as the production index.
  • Energy efficiency should be calculated over the lifespan and performance of a product.


For the building sector the Commission is proposing to enhance energy efficiency  by stimulating the rate of building refurbishment, particularly for buildings for low income tenants or owners being particularly slow. Heating and cooling remains the largest single source of energy demand in Europe. The Commission will therefore carry out a review of the Energy Efficiency and Energy Performance of Buildings Directives to create the right framework for further progress in delivering energy efficiency in buildings. Based on the on-the-ground experience in the Member States, the Commission intends to support ways to simplify access to existing financing to make building stocks more energy-efficient. Investments in buildings’ efficiency are amongst the most profitable for citizens and industry today.