To speed up this process, the Commission proposes concrete targets to be achieved by 2020 at the latest:
- up to 10 innovative pilot actions (e.g. demonstration plants) for exploration, extraction and processing, collection and recycling;
- substitutes for at least three key applications of critical and scarce raw materials;
- enhanced efficiency in material use and in prevention, re-use and recycling of valuable raw materials from waste streams, with a specific focus on materials having a potentially negative impact on the environment;
- a Network of Research, Education and Training Centres on Sustainable Mining and Materials Management (M³);
- European standardised statistical instruments for the survey of resources and reserves and a 3-D geological map;
- a dynamic modelling system linking trends in supply and demand with economically exploitable reserves and a full lifecycle analysis;
- a pro-active strategy of the EU in multi-lateral organisations and in bilateral relations, such as with the US, Japan and Australia in the different areas covered by the Partnership.